s: We reside within the countryside, and our cats play outdoor within the backyard in the course of the day. Our latest cat, Willow, sometimes chews on the bushes round the home. We now have plenty of yew in addition to some azaleas and rhododendrons. Are these vegetation secure for cats?
a: Any plant materials ingested may cause digestive issues, together with lack of urge for food, drooling, upset abdomen, and diarrhea. However azaleas, laurel, rhododendron and yaws are particularly toxic to pets.
If sufficient of the plant is ingested, dying can happen.
These vegetation comprise toxins that trigger cardiovascular and neurological issues equivalent to weak point, problem respiratory, tremors, lack of coordination, seizures, and collapse.
Yew is very harmful. Veterinary medical journals comprise reviews of canine who chewed yew twigs and died of coronary heart failure earlier than different medical indicators appeared. People even used yew poison for suicide and as chemical weapons throughout battle.
Dried vegetation retain their toxicity for months, so burn or bury the plant materials after pruning or eradicating shrubs.
Encourage Willow to remain indoors by inserting cat perches by home windows overlooking chook baths, feeders, and nesting packing containers.
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s: I just lately adopted Missy, my middle-aged, mixed-breed mother canine. She has by no means been spayed, and has two small lumps in her mammary glands. Are these plenty prone to be cancerous? If not, ought to it’s sterilized?
a: Breast tumors develop in a single in 4 unsterilized females, making them the commonest tumor on this group. Canines which have puppies, females which have been spayed after the warmth cycles have begun, and canine which have by no means been spayed are most in danger.
Breast tumors develop between the ages of seven and 13. About 70% of canine have a number of mammary tumors on the time of prognosis. The mammary glands closest to the hind legs are most frequently affected.
Half of breast tumors are benign and half are malignant. Of the malignant tumors, half of them unfold to different components of the physique.
It is smart for Macy’s to be sterilized when her breast tumors are eliminated for a number of causes. If the tumors are benign, sterilization will stop uterine an infection, a standard emergency that threatens the lives of unsterilized females. If breast tumors are malignant, sterilization reduces the danger of further tumor formation and prolongs survival.
Breast tumors have a number of causes, an important of which is hormonal. Publicity to estrogen and progesterone, whether or not from a canine’s ovaries throughout every warmth cycle or by medicines, will increase the danger of an infection. Sterilization earlier than the primary warmth protects females from breast tumors.
Genetics in all probability play a task as nicely, on condition that particular breeds and small canine usually are predisposed.
Moreover, canine who’re chubby earlier than they attain a yr of age are extra seemingly than skinny canine of that age to develop mammary tumors later in life.
Therapy begins with surgical procedure, which cures 75% of breast tumors. With out surgical procedure, breast tumors can develop and finally ulcerate, ooze and trigger discomfort.
Malignant tumors can unfold to close by lymph nodes in addition to to the lungs, liver, kidneys, and bones. Your vet could advocate a chest x-ray earlier than deciding on surgical procedure and additional therapy to verify your Macy’s lungs are clear.
Survival is longest when the malignant breast is lower than 3 centimeters (simply over 1 inch) in diameter and the most cancers has not unfold. Whereas little analysis has been performed on radiotherapy for canine with breast most cancers, surgical procedure and chemotherapy have been proven to increase life.
Lee Pickett, VMD, practices animal companion drugs in North Carolina. Name her at [email protected]
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