Poultry producers and bird owners should exercise caution after infection with HPAI - Daily Leader

Poultry producers and bird owners should exercise caution after infection with HPAI – Daily Leader

Poultry producers, fowl house owners ought to be vigilant after an infection with extremely pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI)

Posted at 2:17 pm Tuesday November 8, 2022

Written by Robert Nathan Gregory

MSU . Extension Service

STARKVILLE — The Mississippi Animal Well being Board is asking yard fowl house owners to be vigilant in biosecurity measures after a flock of commercially-bred chickens in Lawrence County examined optimistic for extremely pathogenic avian influenza, or HPAI.

The USDA Nationwide Veterinary Providers Laboratory confirmed the case to the Mississippi Board of Animal Well being, or MBAH, November 5. Specimens from the herd had been examined on the Mississippi Veterinary Diagnostic and Analysis Laboratory in Pearl and confirmed on the USDA Animal and Nationwide Veterinary Providers Laboratories for Plant Well being Examination in Ames, Iowa.

Extremely virulent avian influenza is a extremely contagious type of avian influenza that may kill total flocks of contaminated poultry. The virus can happen naturally in wild waterfowl and may unfold to poultry.

The virus doesn’t pose a meals security danger; Poultry merchandise cooked to an inner temperature of a minimum of 165 levels are nonetheless fit for human consumption. Nonetheless, fast deployment can convey enterprise operations and backyards to a standstill.

MBAH state vet Jim Watson mentioned his company has quarantined the affected website and is working with the poultry trade to extend monitoring of flocks throughout the state.

“The birds on the property have been evacuated to forestall the unfold of illness and won’t enter the meals system,” Watson mentioned. “Anybody concerned in poultry manufacturing from the small yard to the massive industrial producer ought to evaluation their biosecurity actions to make sure the well being of their birds.”

MBAH lists the next signs for affected birds: coughing, sneezing, incoordination, diarrhea, nasal discharge, sudden demise, decreased egg manufacturing, lack of vitality or urge for food, soft-shelled or misshapen eggs, swelling or discoloration of the top and eyelids to purple. comb or hoses.

Jessica Wells, a poultry specialist with the Mississippi State College Extension Service, mentioned biosecurity is essential to stopping the unfold of the illness. There are a number of steps producers ought to take, together with washing arms earlier than and after leaving hen areas. Don’t recycle any droppings or feed from a suspected location to be used as fertilizer or for another goal.

“As soon as avian influenza enters the poultry flock, it might unfold quickly on the farm by way of each the fecal-oral route and the respiratory route because of the proximity of the birds,” Wells mentioned. “Issues like clothes, footwear, and tools additionally transmit illness, so footwear completely for the hen space and a change of clothes earlier than coming into is important.”

Don’t deal with useless birds with naked arms. To take away useless birds from a poultry space, flip two plastic baggage inside out, choose up the fowl, flip the double bag over, and seal the double bag with the fowl inside.

“To do away with the fowl, put the bag in a family trash or bury it with a shovel with out touching it,” Watson mentioned. “To retailer a useless fowl for testing, use clear plastic baggage to choose up and retailer the animal, and place it in cool baggage till it may be refrigerated.”

Yard fowl house owners can report any sick or dying birds utilizing the Council’s Animal Well being Internet portal at https://agnet.mdac.ms.gov/MBAHReportableDiseases/publicreportingform or use the MBAH Animal Catastrophe Hotline at 1-888-646 -8731.

Go to the MBAH Avian Influenza FAQ database at https://hpai.ms.gov/info/frequently-asked-questions/ and seek the advice of the MSU Extension poultry publication for extra info at http://extension.msstate.edu/avian Flu.

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