The discovery and consumption of corpses by facultative scavengers in a forest ecosystem highlights the value of their ecosystem services.

  • DeVault, TL, Rhodes, OE & Shivik, JA. Scavenging by vertebrates: behavioral, ecological, and evolutionary views on an vital power switch pathway in terrestrial ecosystems. Oikos 102225-234 (2003).

    Google Scholar

  • Selva, N., Jedrzejewska, B., Jedrzejewski, W. & Wajrak, A. Scavenging on European bison carcasses within the Bialowieza Primeval Forest (Jap Poland). Environmental Sciences 10303 – 311 (2003).

    Google Scholar

  • Wilson, E. E. & Wolkovich, E. M. Scavining: How cannivs and carrion construction group. Ecol tendencies. Evol. 26129-135 (2011).

    PubMed

    Google Scholar

  • Inger, R., Cox, DTC, Per, E., Norton, BA & Gaston, Okay. J. The ecological function of vertebrate scavengers in city ecosystems in the UK. Ecol. Evol. 67015-7023 (2016).

    PubMed
    PubMed Central

    Google Scholar

  • Mollion, M.; et al. People and scavengers: the evolution of interactions and ecosystem companies. Organic Sciences 64394-403 (2014).

    Google Scholar

  • Moleón, M., Sánchez-Zapata, J. A., Selva, N., Donázar, J. A. & Owen-Smith, N. Interactions linking predation and scavenging in terrestrial vertebrate assemblies. Biol. pastor. 891042-1054 (2014).

    PubMed

    Google Scholar

  • Mateo-Tomás, P., Olea, P. P., Moleón, M., Selva, N. & Sánchez-Zapata, J. A. Each uncommon and customary species assist ecosystem companies in scavenger communities. Earth. Ecol. biojogger. 261459-1470 (2017).

    Google Scholar

  • Houston, DC Environment friendly vulture vultures in tropical forests. condor 88318-323 (1986).

    Google Scholar

  • Morales Reyes, Z.; et al. Scavenging effectivity and crimson fox abundance within the Mediterranean mountains with and with out eagles. Acta Uikol. 7981-88 (2017).

    advertisements

    Google Scholar

  • Kane, A. & Kendall, CJ Understanding how mammalian scavengers use info from chicken eaters: a cue from above. J. Anime. Ecol. 86837-846 (2017).

    PubMed

    Google Scholar

  • Sebastian Gonzalez, E.; et al. Useful traits driving the function of species within the construction of terrestrial vertebrate scavenger networks. Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.3519 (2021).

    PubMed

    Google Scholar

  • Beasley, JC, Olson, ZH & DeVault, T.L. The ecological function of vertebrate scavengers. in Carrion ecology, evolution and its purposes (Editors of Benbow, Mi et al.) 107-127 (CRC Press, 2015).

    Google Scholar

  • Bassey, E., Pattuccio, D., Marcon, A., Stahlberg, S. and Apollonio, M.; Looking for carcasses of ungulates in a mountainous forest space in northern Italy. mum. Stady 431-11 (2018).

    Google Scholar

  • Enari, H. & Enari, H.S. Not scavengers of birds however mammals effectively eat carcasses beneath heavy snow circumstances: a case from northern Japan. mum. Biol. 101419-428 (2021).

    Google Scholar

  • Gents, MJL et al. Prey availability and ambient temperature affect carrion stability within the boreal forest. J. Anime. Ecol. 892156-2167 (2020).

    PubMed

    Google Scholar

  • Selva, N. & Fortuna, MA The nested construction of a scavenger group. Brooke. R. Soc. B Biol. Sciences. 2741101 – 1108 (2007).

    Google Scholar

  • Inagaki, A.; et al. Formation of a vertebrate scavenger guild and the usage of carrion in an East Asian temperate forest. Ecol. Evol. 101223-1232 (2020).

    PubMed
    PubMed Central

    Google Scholar

  • Sebastian Gonzalez, E.; et al. Community structure of vertebrate scavenger teams on the international degree: drivers and implications for ecosystem functioning. ecology (conditional) 431143-1155 (2020).

    Google Scholar

  • Cortés-Avizanda, A., Selva, N., Carrete, M. & Donázar, J. A. The consequences of carrion assets on the spatial distribution of herbivores are mediated by facultative scavengers. Fundamental software. Ecol. 10265-272 (2009).

    Google Scholar

  • Sebastian Gonzalez, E.; et al. Species-rich nested networks of sweeping vertebrates assist excessive ranges of interspecific competitors. Ecology 9795-105 (2016).

    PubMed

    Google Scholar

  • Beasley, JC, Olson, ZH & Devault, T.L. Carrion. Biking in meals webs: comparisons of terrestrial and marine ecosystems. Oikos 1211021-1026 (2012).

    Google Scholar

  • Ray, R. R., Seibold, H. & Heurich, M. Invertebrates outperform facultative scavengers in lynx mimicry within the Bavarian Forest Nationwide Park, Germany. animation. Beauders. Conserv. 3777-88 (2014).

    Google Scholar

  • Sugiura, S. & Hayashi, M. Useful compensation by remoted scavengers: the relative contributions of vertebrates and invertebrates differ between islands. ecology (conditional) 411173-1183 (2018).

    Google Scholar

  • Wilmers, CC, Stahler, DR, Crabtree, RL, Smith, DW & Getz, WM Dispersal of assets and shopper dominance: scavenging in carcasses of killed wolves and hunters in Higher Yellowstone, USA. Ecol. Lett. 6996-1003 (2003).

    Google Scholar

  • Putman, ARJ Patterns of carbon dioxide evolution from decomposing carrion: decomposition of small mammal carrion in temperate programs, half 1. Oikos 3147-57 (1978).

    CAS

    Google Scholar

  • DeVault, TL & Rhodes, OE Identification of vertebrate scavengers of small mammal carcasses in a forested space. Acta thyroxine. (Warses). 47185–192 (2002).

    Google Scholar

  • Selva, N., Jȩdrzejewska, B., Jȩdrzejewski, W. & Wajrak, A. Elements affecting carcass use by a gaggle of scavengers in temperate European forests. Can. J. Zool. 831590-1601 (2005).

    Google Scholar

  • Ogada DL, Torchin ME, Kinnaird MF, Ezenwa VO Decreased eagle results on facultative scavengers and potential results of mammalian illness transmission. Conserv. Biol. 26453-460 (2012).

    CAS
    PubMed

    Google Scholar

  • Abiotic and biotic components modulate JC, abiotic and biotic components, and the destiny of carrion and vertebrate litter communities. Ecology 982413-2424 (2017).

    PubMed

    Google Scholar

  • Arondo, E.; et al. Reconstruction of conventional grazing areas impacts scavenger populations and carcass consumption patterns. Fundamental software. Ecol. 4156-66 (2019).

    Google Scholar

  • Mollion, M.; et al. Availability of carrion in place and time. in Carrion Ecology and Administration (Editors by Pedro, PO et al.) 23-44 (Springer, 2019).

    Google Scholar

  • Pereira, L. M.; Owen Smith, N., and Mollion, M.; mum. pastor. 4444-55 (2014).

    Google Scholar

  • Animal Care and Use Committee. Pointers for the seize, dealing with, and care of mammals as endorsed by the American Society of Mammologists. mum. 791416-1431 (1998).

    Google Scholar

  • Committee to assessment the names of sorts and teams of samples. Pointers for the process for acquiring mammalian specimens as permitted by the Mammal Society of Japan (revised 2009) (Japanese Mammal Society, 2009).

    Google Scholar

  • Yoshino, M.; Microclimate: New Version (Shijin Shukan, 1986).

    Google Scholar

  • R Core Workforce. R: A language and surroundings for statistical computing. R Establishment for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. https://www.r-project.org/ (2019).

  • Sokal, RR and Rolf, FJ Biometrics Fourth version. (WH Freeman and Firm, 2012).

    Maths

    Google Scholar

  • Fisher, Ra Statistical strategies for analysis staff (Oliver and Boyd, 1934).

    Maths

    Google Scholar

  • Tierno, T.; Bundle for survival evaluation in S. Model 2.38 (2015).

  • Pardo-Barquín, E., Mateo-Tomás, P. & Olea, P.P. Habitat traits from native to panorama scales mix to kind vertebrate litter communities. Fundamental software. Ecol. 34126-139 (2019).

    Google Scholar

  • Moleón, M., Sánchez-Zapata, JA, Sebastián-González, E. & Owen-Smith, N. Oikos 1241391-1403 (2015).

    Google Scholar

  • DeVault TL, Brisbin IL & Rhodes OE Elements affecting rodent carrion acquisition by scavengers and vertebrate decomposers. Can. J. Zool. 82502-509 (2004).

    Google Scholar

  • #discovery #consumption #corpses #facultative #scavengers #forest #ecosystem #highlights #ecosystem #companies

    Leave a Comment

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *