TEHRAN – With greater than 70 aquatic habitats, together with seasonal and everlasting wetlands, lakes, dams and rivers, Western Azerbaijan has turn into one of many protected passages for migratory birds within the west of the nation.
Western Azerbaijan is among the three finest locations for migratory birds within the nation, equivalent to Mazandaran and Golestan within the north and Khuzestan within the south.
With 45 seasonal and everlasting wetlands and 14 vital dams, Western Azerbaijan has turn into one of many protected provinces for native and migratory birds, together with the grilagh goose, big-fronted white goose, small white goose, red-breasted goose, geese, pelicans and pelicans.
With 45 wetlands and 14 dams, Western Azerbaijan is a haven for birds, together with geese, geese, swans, and swans.Yearly 300,000 migratory birds spend the winter on this province in the beginning of the autumn season, Saeed Shahand, head of the province’s atmosphere division, instructed IRNA on Sunday.
Contemplating the present situations of Lake Urmia and the significance of autumn rains to winter for birds, efforts have been made to dredging the wetlands of Lake Urmia within the south in addition to the wetlands within the north of the province to facilitate the stream of water, he defined.
He went on to say that the primary group of migratory birds to the province contains looking birds equivalent to eagles, hawks, hawksbill, minor kestrels and eagles, then the cranes be a part of them, and the final group of birds are geese and swans.
To this point, 300 species of waterfowl have been recognized on this province. In the course of the migratory seasons, greater than 200 totally different species of migratory birds enter western Azerbaijan yearly.
One necessary attribute of the province’s wetlands is the hatching of endangered species equivalent to white-headed geese and marbled geese, mentioned Omid Yousefi, head of the West Azerbaijan Wildlife Management Division.
He defined that there are two essential species equivalent to crane and inexperienced goose solely in western Azerbaijan, which made the wetlands within the province notably necessary when it comes to biodiversity in comparison with different neighboring provinces.
He famous that quite a few wetlands within the province, together with Brazan, Gobi Baba Ali, Habadov, Soldus, Sanji Ngde and Nuruzlui Miandwab, are a part of the Ramsar Conference and worldwide agreements.
He mentioned that preliminary work to register two wetlands, Shiblu Boldasht and Boralan in Mako, was accomplished on the Ramsar Conference web site attributable to favorable water situations and good habitat for birds.
He burdened that the registration of wetlands on the Ramsar web site can enhance the sensitivity of communities and native authorities to guard these wetlands, and worldwide help is offered for his or her safety.
Kani Barzan Wetland, an necessary habitat
Positioned within the northwest province of West Azerbaijan, Kani Barazan was as soon as registered as the primary chicken watching web site within the nation and known as by chicken watchers the chicken’s paradise of Iran.
The Kani Parazan Wetland spans over 907 hectares and is dwelling to varied species of birds, together with flamingo, small cormorant, nice white pelican, grouse, sternidae, nice crested crow, grey goose, small white-fronted goose, heron and shelduck. widespread, and many others.
Its excessive capabilities, various flora and annual migration of 200,000 chicken species have made this wetland a priceless bird-watching web site for nature lovers.
To this point, 75 species of waterfowl belonging to 11 households have been recognized in these wetlands, which can quantity to greater than 180 terrestrial species.
Drought and lack of water rights induced the lack of 70 p.c of wetlands, inflicting unfavorable environmental impacts with the onset of the chicken migration season.
The water of this wetland is equipped by the Mahabad River, the spring of the village of “Qarhadagh”, and the pace of entry of the water is in good situation because of the escarpment.
Farooq Sukhanfar, Director of the Surroundings Division of Mahabad Metropolis, mentioned that a million cubic meters of water can be launched from Mahabad Dam to revive worldwide wetlands in Kani Parazan.
He defined that the waters of Mahabad Dam are at present flowing at a stream charge of 1 cubic meter per second to assist restore the worldwide wetlands in Kani Barzan.
Distinctive chicken watching websites in Iran
Iran is adorned with spectacular wetlands with a big share of aquatic species, birds and wildlife. Anzali swamps, Qeshm Island, Urmia Lake, and Miankaleh Peninsula are among the many most necessary chicken watching spots in Iran.
Miankaleh Worldwide Wetland in Mazandaran, which known as the bird-watching paradise of Iran, spans a complete space of 68,000 hectares, which is dwelling to at the very least 130 species of migratory species with a inhabitants of 1.5 million.
Being an awesome vacation spot for chicken watching, the wetlands show quite a lot of chicken species equivalent to otters, and all types of fish-eating geese (pelicans, flamingos, cormorants, widespread pheasants, partridges, mute pelicans, tundra swans and coots). as one of many world’s first biosphere areas in 1975.
Gumishan Wetland in Golestan Province is dwelling to greater than 20,000 waterfowl, and greater than 20 chicken species, which help three species of waterfowl from the IUCN Pink Listing, Pelecanus Crispus, Aythya nyroca and Vanellus gregarious, in addition to weak mammals in danger. foca (posa) caspica; Additionally it is an necessary staging space for the fish subspecies Rutilus rutilus caspicas.
Positioned on the foot of the Zagros Mountains in northwestern Iran, Zarifar is a freshwater wetland that hosts greater than 74 species of birds, which have been designated as a Ramsar web site.
The location gives an acceptable breeding and resting place for birds and different wetland animals and, because of the comparatively massive variety of reed beds, is a crucial wintering web site for northern migratory birds.
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